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{The representation and integration in memory of spatial and nonspatial information.}
Type of publication: Article
Citation: McNamara1992
Journal: Memory \& cognition
Volume: 20
Number: 5
Year: 1992
Month: September
Pages: 519--32
ISSN: 0090-502X
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pu...
Abstract: A series of experiments investigated whether people could integrate nonspatial information about an object with their knowledge of the object's location in space. In Experiments 1 and 3, subjects learned the locations of cities on a fictitious road map; in Experiments 2, 4, and 5, subjects were already familiar with the locations of buildings on a campus. The subjects then learned facts about the cities on the maps or the buildings on the campus. The question of interest was whether or not these nonspatial facts would be integrated in memory with the spatial knowledge. After learning the facts, subjects were given a location-judgment test in which they had to decide whether an object was in one region of the space or another. Knowledge integration was assessed by comparing levels of performance in two conditions: (a) when a city or a building name was primed by a fact about a neighboring city or building, and (b) when a city or a building name was primed by a fact about a distant city or building. Results showed that responses in Condition a were faster or more accurate, or both faster and more accurate, than responses in Condition b. These results indicate that the spatial and nonspatial information were encoded in a common memory representation.
Userfields: bdsk-url-1={http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1453969}, date-added={2012-08-21 14:16:29 +0200}, date-modified={2012-08-21 14:16:29 +0200}, file={:Users/ana-maria/Desktop/Spatial Modelling\&Reasoning/mcnamara et al 1992 mem cognition.pdf:pdf}, pmid={1453969}, project={fremdliteratur},
Keywords: Adult, Cognition, Distance Perception, Female, Humans, Learning, Male, Maps as Topic, Memory, Research Design, Space Perception, Visual Perception
Authors McNamara, T P
Halpin, J a
Hardy, J K
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pu...